Native Hawaiian Health Status









Healthy Beginnings (Hānau)

Data Year
Health Measure
Native Hawaiian
State of Hawai‘i
Trend
Table
Trend
Graph
Maternal Characteristics
2013
VS
15.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women received initial prenatal care later than the first trimester or not at all
15.5%
14.1%
2013
VS
84.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women received initial prenatal care during their first trimester
84.5%
85.9%
2011
PRAMS
83.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women received prenatal care as early as they wanted
83.5%
84.7%
2014
PRAMS
62.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women received early and adequate prenatal care
62.5%
65.5%
2015
VS
2.2 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers were under 18 years of age
2.2%
1.0%
2014
PRAMS
30.6 percent of Native Hawaiian women were obese (BMI>=30) during pregnancy
30.6%
18.1%
2014
PRAMS
29.4 percent of Native Hawaiian women gained recommended amount of weight during pregnancy
29.4%
27.4%
2014
PRAMS
NR percent of Native Hawaiian women reported having diabetes
Not
Reportable
3.6%
2014
PRAMS
9.0 percent of Native Hawaiian women had gestational diabetes
9.0%
13.7%
2014
PRAMS
5.4 percent of Native Hawaiian women had high blood pressure before pregnancy
5.4%
4.2%
2014
PRAMS
47.3 percent of Native Hawaiian women experienced 2 or more stressors during pregnancy
47.3%
38.6%
2014
PRAMS
NR percent of Native Hawaiian women experienced physical abuse by husband or partner during the 12 months before pregnancy
Not
Reportable
2.0%
2014
PRAMS
NR percent of Native Hawaiian women experienced physical abuse by husband or partner during pregnancy
Not
Reportable
Not
Reportable
2014
PRAMS
25.2 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported that they smoked three months before pregnancy
25.2%
13.7%
2014
PRAMS
9.6 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported that they smoked during the last three months of pregnancy
9.6%
4.5%
2014
PRAMS
16.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported that they smoked in the postpartum period (3-6 months after birth)
16.5%
7.5%
2014
PRAMS
49.2 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported drinking alcohol in the 3 months before pregnancy
49.2%
49.4%
2014
PRAMS
21.4 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported binge drinking 3 months before pregnancy (having four or more drinks on one occasion)
21.4%
16.6%
2014
PRAMS
7.7 percent of Native Hawaiian women drank alcohol during the last three months of pregnancy
7.7%
8.5%
2014
PRAMS
6.6 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported illicit drug use 1 month before pregnancy
6.6%
5.3%
2011
PRAMS
5.3 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported illicit drug use during pregnancy
5.3%
3.4%
2011
PRAMS
15.9 percent of Native Hawaiian women had unwanted pregnancies
15.9%
11.7%
2014
PRAMS
13.0 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported postpartum depression
13.0%
11.0%
2008
PRAMS
11.2 percent of Native Hawaiian women reported maternal morbidities requiring more than one night in the hospital
11.2%
9.3%
Birth Outcomes
2012
VS
Native Hawaiian live births to pregnancy ratio (1 live birth per 1.09 pregnancies)
1:1.09
(birth: pregnancy)
1:1.18
(birth: pregnancy)
2015
VS
35.7 percent of all infants born in the State of Hawai‘i were Native Hawaiian
35.7%
(Native Hawaiian)
64.3%
(Non-Hawaiian)
2014
PRAMS
7.8 percent of Native Hawaiian infants were placed in the intensive care unit (ICU) after birth
7.8%
9.8%
2015
VS
91.2 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born with a normal birth weight + (5 pounds, 9 ounces +)
91.2%
91.7%
2015
VS
8.8 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born with a low birth weight (less than 5 pounds, 9 ounces)
8.8%
8.4%
2015
VS
1.8 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born with a very low birth weight (less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces)
1.8%
1.4%
2015
VS
2.7 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born very early preterm (under 32 weeks gestation)
2.7%
2.4%
2015
VS
1.1 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born early preterm (32-33 weeks gestation)
1.1%
1.3%
2015
VS
6.2 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks gestation)
6.2%
6.0%
2015
VS
11.4 percent of Native Hawaiian mothers with infants born preterm (before 37 weeks gestation)
11.4%
10.1%
Infant Beginnings
2011
PRAMS
NR percent of Native Hawaiian babies received 1-week postnatal check ups
Not
Reportable
94.6%
2014
NIS
69.1 percent of 19 to 35 month infants received a full schedule of age appropriate immunizations against Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Poliovirus, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Haemophilus influenza type b, Hepatitis B, and Varicella (chicken pox) (4:3:1:3:3:1 series)
No Data
69.1%
2014
PRAMS
69.9 percent of Native Hawaiian infants were breastfed for 9 or more weeks
69.9%
80.0%
2014
PRAMS
71.0 percent of Native Hawaiian infants sleeping on their backs
71.0%
78.6%
Infant Mortality
2015
VS
Resident Native Hawaiian infant mortality rate (aged <365 days) (7.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
7.0
5.7
2015
VS
Resident Native Hawaiian neonatal mortality rate (less than 28 days) (4.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
4.0
3.6
2015
VS
Resident Native Hawaiian postneonatal mortality rate (aged 28 to 364 days) (3.1 postneonatal deaths per 1,000 live births)
3.1
2.1
2012
VS
Resident Native Hawaiian fetal mortality rate (17.0 fetal deaths per 1,000 live births)
17.0
31.6
2012
VS
Resident Native Hawaiian abortion rate (78.8 abortions per 1,000 live births)
78.8
147.1
Social Determinants of Health
2015
VS
37.5 percent of resident mothers in Hawai‘i were not married at the time they delivered
No Data
37.5%
2015
VS
26.2 percent of resident Native Hawaiian mothers had less than a high school education
26.2%
17.5%
2011
PRAMS
57.1 percent of Native Hawaiian women received medical insurance through Medicaid/QUEST for their delivery
57.1%
36.8%
2014
PRAMS
55.9 percent of Native Hawaiian women received medical insurance through Medicaid/QUEST for their prenatal care
55.9%
35.1%
2014
PRAMS
58.8 percent of Native Hawaiian women participated in WIC during pregnancy
58.8%
38.9%



Healthy Children (Keiki)

Data Year
Health Measure
Native Hawaiian
State of Hawai‘i
Trend
Table
Trend
Graph
Reported Keiki Health Conditions
2005
YRBS
18.0 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school children reported being overweight (>=85 percentile and <95 percentile BMI for age and sex)
18.0%
13.7%
2005
YRBS
13.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school children reported being obese (>=95 BMI for age and sex)
13.2%
12.4%
2005
YRBS
31.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school children reported being overweight or obese (>85 percentile BMI for age and sex)
31.2%
26.2%
2009
YRBS
34.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have ever had asthma
34.8%
26.3%
2009
YRBS
21.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school children currently have asthma
21.1%
14.7%
2012
HHS
20.0 percent of Native Hawaiian children 0 to 14 years of age reported having asthma
35.8%
22.0%
2014
BRFSS
29.7 percent of Native Hawaiian adults told that their child had asthma
29.7%
25.3%
Modifiable Keiki Risk Behaviors
2015
YRBS
30.6 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school children were physically active for a total of 60 minutes or more per day on all of the past 7 days
30.6%
27.4%
2015
YRBS
15.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students do not have breakfast any day of the week
15.7%
12.6%
2015
YTS
7.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have used any form of tobacco in the past 30 days
7.2%
6.1%
2015
YTS
11.5 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students first tried cigarette smoking before age 13
11.5%
9.2%
2015
YRBS
7.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students engaged in binge drinking within the past 30 days
7.4%
5.3%
2015
YRBS
34.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have ever drank alcohol
34.8%
24.0%
2015
YRBS
26.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students had their first drink before age 13
26.8%
18.7%
2015
YRBS
14.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have consumed alcohol within the past 30 days
14.3%
10.4%
2015
YRBS
2.9 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have ever used some form of cocaine, including powder, crack, or freebase
2.9%
3.2%
2015
YRBS
2.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have ever used ecstasy (also called MDMA)
2.1%
1.7%
2015
YRBS
6.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have ever sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled some paints or sprays to get high
6.4%
6.5%
2015
YRBS
2.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have used methamphetamines (also called speed, crystal, crank, or ice) one or more times during their life
2.7%
2.7%
2015
YRBS
6.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have taken a prescription drug such as OxyContin, Vicodin, tranquilizers, Valium, Xanax, or Ritalin without a doctor‘s prescription one or more times during their life
6.8%
4.6%
2015
YRBS
80.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have never used any illicit drugs (marijuana, crack, other forms of cocaine, heroin, or use of other opiates, stimulants, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor‘s orders)
80.7%
84.7%
2015
YRBS
20.6 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students have consumed alcohol or marijuana within the past 30 days
20.6%
14.8%
2015
YRBS
14.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students ever tried to kill themselves
14.2%
12.5%
2015
YRBS
18.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students ever made a plan about how they would kill themselves
18.2%
17.5%
2015
YRBS
27.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students ever seriously thought about killing themselves
27.1%
24.8%
Keiki Mortality
2015
VS
41.5 percent of deaths of resident children 0-4 years of age were Native Hawaiian
49 deaths
118 deaths
Social Determinants of Health
2016
ACS
15.5 percent of Native Hawaiian families with related children under 5 years live in poverty
15.5%
9.0%
2016
ACS
21.0 percent of Native Hawaiian families with female householder, no husband present with related children under 5 years only live in poverty
21.0%
15.4%
2015
DHS
48.3 percent of those in foster care were Native Hawaiian
48.3%
(Native Hawaiian)
51.7%
(Non-Hawaiian)
2015
CAN
45.9 percent of victims of child abuse and neglect were Native Hawaiian
45.9%
(Native Hawaiian)
54.1%
(Non-Hawaiian)
2015
YTS
18.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students receive no spending money per week
18.2%
19.3%
2016
ACS
8.9 percent of Native Hawaiians are enrolled in nursery school, preschool
8.9%
7.1%
2016
ACS
5.9 percent of Native Hawaiians are enrolled in kindergarten
5.9%
4.9%
2016
ACS
43.8 percent of Native Hawaiians are enrolled in elementary school (grades 1-8)
43.8%
38.8%
2013
YRBS
62.0 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students would describe their grades in school in the past 12 months as mostly A’s and B’s
62.0%
65.8%
2009
YRBS
54.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students reported that they will definitely complete high school
54.2%
59.3%
2009
YRBS
27.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public middle school students reported that they will definitely complete a post high school program such as a vocational training program, military service, community college or 4-year college
27.1%
29.4%



Healthy Adolescents (‘Ōpio)

Data Year
Health Measure
Native Hawaiian
State of Hawai‘i
Trend
Table
Trend
Graph
Reported ‘Ōpio Health Conditions
2015
YRBS
33.5 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students are overweight or obese (>=85 percentile BMI for age and sex)
33.5%
28.3%
2015
YRBS
16.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students are obese (>=95 percentile BMI for age and sex)
16.3%
12.9%
2015
YRBS
17.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students are overweight (>=85 percentile and <95 percentile BMI for age and sex)
17.2%
15.3%
2015
YRBS
15.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students currently have asthma
15.7%
13.1%
2015
YRBS
37.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever had asthma
37.7%
31.3%
2012
HHS
18.1 percent of Native Hawaiian adolescents 15-17 years of age reported having asthma
18.1%
14.1%
2016
ACS
2.5 percent of Native Hawaiian civilian noninstitutionalized population under 18 years reported a disability
2.5%
2.7%
Modifiable ‘Ōpio Risk Behaviors
2014
NIS
88.6 percent of adolescents ages 13-17 received vaccination coverage >= 2 doses of MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine
No Data
88.6%
2015
YRBS
31.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students ever felt so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that they stopped doing some usual activities during the past 12 months
31.2%
29.5%
2015
YRBS
14.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students tried to kill themselves during the past 12 months
14.1%
10.5%
2015
YRBS
19.6 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students seriously considered attempting suicide during the past 12 months
19.6%
16.0%
2015
YRBS
16.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students made a plan about how they would kill themselves during the past 12 months
16.7%
15.6%
2015
YRBS
5.0 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students whose suicide attempt resulted in an injury, poisoning, or overdose that had to be treated by a doctor or nurse during the past 12 months
5.0%
3.4%
2015
YRBS
27.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students did something to purposely hurt themselves without wanting to die (such as cutting or burning themselves on purpose one or more times) during the 12 months before the survey
27.7%
23.0%
2015
YRBS
26.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students were physically active for a total of 60 minutes or more per day on all of the past seven days
26.3%
20.3%
2015
YRBS
19.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students ate fruits and vegetables five or more times per day during the past seven days
19.4%
18.7%
2015
YRBS
27.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have breakfast every day of the week
27.4%
36.0%
2015
YRBS
7.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students most of the time or always went hungry because there was not enough food in their home (during the 30 days before the survey)
7.3%
7.9%
2015
YTS
19.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have used any form of tobacco in the past 30 days
19.2%
11.0%
2015
YTS
14.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students first tried cigarette smoking before age 13
14.2%
9.0%
2015
YRBS
19.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students engaged in binge drinking within the past 30 days
19.2%
13.4%
2015
YRBS
59.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever drank alcohol
59.4%
49.4%
2015
YRBS
26.0 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students had their first drink before age 13
26.0%
16.9%
2015
YRBS
30.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have consumed alcohol within the past 30 days
30.1%
25.1%
2015
YRBS
7.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever used cocaine
7.8%
5.7%
2015
YRBS
8.5 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever used ecstasy
8.5%
8.0%
2015
YRBS
10.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever used inhalants to get high
10.2%
8.0%
2015
YRBS
4.9 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever used methamphetamines
4.9%
3.8%
2015
YRBS
14.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have taken a prescription drug such as OxyContin, Vicodin, tranquilizers, Valium, Xanax, or Ritalin without a doctor‘s prescription one or more times during their life
14.8%
12.3%
2015
YRBS
7.8 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have ever used hallucinogenic drugs, such as LSD, acid, PCP, angel dust, mescaline, or mushrooms
7.8%
8.1%
2015
YRBS
60.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have never used any illicit drugs (marijuana, crack, other forms of cocaine, heroin, or use of other opiates, stimulants, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor‘s orders)
60.3%
73.1%
2015
YRBS
40.0 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students have consumed alcohol or marijuana within the past 30 days
40.0%
31.9%
2015
YRBS
31.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public public high school students had sexual intercourse with one or more people during the past three months
31.2%
22.3%
2015
YRBS
48.4 percent of Native Hawaiian public public high school students responded that they or their partner used condoms the last time they had sexual intercourse, among students who had sexual intercourse during the past 3 months
48.4%
51.7%
2015
YRBS
55.1 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students used birth control pills, condoms, Depo-provera, Nuva Ring, Implanon, or any IUD, to prevent pregnancy, among students who had sexual intercourse during the past 3 months
55.1%
64.5%
2015
YRBS
5.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students had sexual intercourse for the first time before age 13
5.2%
3.5%
‘Ōpio Mortality
2015
VS
48.6 percent of deaths of resident adolescents 15-19 year of age were Native Hawaiian
17 deaths
35 deaths
Social Determinants of Health
2016
ACS
34.1 percent of Native Hawaiian children under 18 years live in family households
34.1%
25.4%
2016
ACS
20.2 percent of Native Hawaiian children under 18 years live in a married-couple family households
20.2%
18.8%
2016
ACS
8.9 percent of Native Hawaiian children under 18 years live in household headed by a female householder, no husband present
8.9%
4.4%
2016
ACS
12.3 percent of Native Hawaiian families with related children under 18 years live in poverty
12.3%
8.8%
2016
ACS
31.7 percent of Native Hawaiian families with female householder, no husband present with related children under 18 years live in poverty
31.7%
23.9%
2009
YRBS
61.2 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students reported that they will definitely complete high school
61.2%
72.3%
2015
YRBS
36.7 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students reported that they will definitely complete a post high school program such as a vocational training program, military service, community college, or 4-year college
36.7%
46.3%
2015
YRBS
56.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students would describe their grades in school in the past 12 months as mostly A’s and B’s
56.3%
66.8%
2016
ACS
21.7 percent of Native Hawaiians are enrolled in high school (grades 9-12)
21.7%
19.0%
2016
ACS
19.7 percent of Native Hawaiians are enrolled in college or graduate school
19.7%
30.1%
2015
YTS
26.3 percent of Native Hawaiian public high school students receive more than $50 spending money per week
26.3%
25.5%
2015
OYS
69.0 percent of admissions to the Hawaii Youth Correctional Facility were Native Hawaiian
69.0%
(Native Hawaiian)
31.0%
(Non Hawaiian)
2014
CIH
30.8 percent of juveniles arrested for Index Crime Offenses were Native Hawaiian
30.8%
(Native Hawaiian)
69.2%
(Non Hawaiian)
2014
CIH
32.8 percent of juveniles arrested for Part II Offenses were Native Hawaiian
32.8%
(Native Hawaiian)
67.2%
(Non Hawaiian)



Healthy Adults (Mākua)

Data Year
Health Measure
Native Hawaiian
State of Hawai‘i
Trend
Table
Trend
Graph
Reported Mākua Health Conditions
2014
BRFSS
6.7 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have been diagnosed with some type of cancer
6.7%
9.3%
2014
BRFSS
5.4 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have been diagnosed with some kind of kidney disease
5.4%
4.2%
2014
BRFSS
21.1 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have been diagnosed with some form of arthritis
21.1%
20.7%
2014
BRFSS
12.8 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have been diagnosed with diabetes
12.8%
9.7%
2014
BRFSS
4.8 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have had a heart attack
4.8%
3.1%
2014
BRFSS
4.2 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have coronary heart disease
4.2%
3.4%
2014
BRFSS
3.7 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have had a stroke
3.7%
3.1%
2013
BRFSS
32.3 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have high cholesterol
32.3%
34.9%
2013
BRFSS
29.7 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have high blood pressure
29.7%
28.5%
2014
BRFSS
28.4 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have been diagnosed with asthma
28.4%
16.2%
2014
BRFSS
23.7 percent of Native Hawaiians adults live with at least one disability
23.7%
16.4%
2016
ACS
9.9 percent of Native Hawaiian civilian noninstitutionalized population 18 to 64 years reported a disability
9.9%
7.9%
2014
BRFSS
19.6 percent of Native Hawaiians have health that is fair or poor
19.6%
14.5%
2013
BRFSS
7.5 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have experienced rape or attempted rape
7.5%
5.8%
2013
BRFSS
12.6 percent of Native Hawaiians adults have experienced physical abuse by a current or former intimate partner
12.6%
9.5%
2014
BRFSS
52.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults aged 45 or older have been injured as a result of an accidental fall within the past 12 months
52.0%
35.2%
2014
BRFSS
38.7 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are obese (BMI>=30)
38.7%
22.1%
2014
BRFSS
37.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are overweight (25<= BMI< 30)
37.0%
36.0%
2014
BRFSS
75.7 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are overweight or obese
75.7%
58.1%
2014
BRFSS
10.5 percent of Native Hawaiian adults whose mental health was not good on 14 or more days of the past 30 days
10.5%
8.4%
2014
BRFSS
20.2 percent of Native Hawaiian adults whose mental health was not good on 6 or more days of the past 30 days
20.2%
13.0%
2014
BRFSS
15.8 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have been diagnosed with a depressive disorder
15.8%
10.7%
Modifiable Mākua Risk Behaviors
2014
BRFSS
85.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 40 and older ever had a clinical breast exam
85.5%
84.5%
2014
BRFSS
54.1 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 40 and older have had a clinical breast exam within the past year
54.1%
55.2%
2014
BRFSS
92.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 40 and older ever had a mammogram
92.5%
93.5%
2014
BRFSS
79.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 40 and older have had a mammogram within the past 2 years
79.5%
78.8%
2014
BRFSS
84.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women ever had a pap smear
84.5%
83.7%
2014
BRFSS
70.7 percent of Native Hawaiian women have had a pap smear within the past 3 years
70.7%
69.0%
2014
BRFSS
60.4 percent of Native Hawaiians ages 50-75 have had a blood stool test in the past year, sigmoidoscopy in the past 5 years and blood stool test in the past 3 years, or a colonoscopy in the past 10 years
60.4%
66.5%
2014
BRFSS
58.9 percent of Native Hawaiians aged 50 and older had a sigmoidoscopy or a colonoscopy
58.9%
65.7%
2014
BRFSS
39.4 percent of Native Hawaiians aged 50 and older had a blood stool test using a home kit
39.4%
45.2%
2014
BRFSS
27.3 percent of Native Hawaiian men aged 40 and older ever had a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
27.3%
46.0%
2014
BRFSS
22.4 percent of Native Hawaiian men aged 40 and older have had a PSA test within the past 2 years
22.4%
35.4%
2014
BRFSS
29.5 percent of Native Hawaiian ever had a pneumonia shot
29.5%
31.6%
2014
BRFSS
38.5 percent of Native Hawaiian adults ages 18-64 have had a flu shot or spray in the past 12 months
38.5%
40.3%
2014
BRFSS
27.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are current smokers
27.0%
14.1%
2014
BRFSS
6.5 percent of Native Hawaiian adults recently stopped smoking (within the last 6 months to a year)
6.5%
9.0%
2012
BRFSS
17.3 percent of Native Hawaiian adult non-smokers were exposed to secondhand smoke within their home within the past week
17.3%
7.7%
2014
BRFSS
48.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have had at least one drink of alcohol within the past 30 days
48.0%
51.0%
2014
BRFSS
10.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are heavy drinkers of alcohol (men having >2 drinks per day, women having >1 drink per day)
10.0%
7.9%
2014
BRFSS
30.2 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are binge drinkers of alcohol (men having five or more drinks on one occasion and women having four or more drinks on one occasion)
30.2%
19.7%
2014
BRFSS
30.8 percent of Native Hawaiian adults are heavy or binge drinkers (men having >2 drinks per day, women having >1 drink per day)
30.8%
21.1%
2014
BRFSS
7.7 percent of Native Hawaiian adults drink and drive
7.7%
4.1%
2012
BRFSS
5.4 percent of Native Hawaiian adults ages18-64 participate in high HIV risk situations
5.4%
3.9%
2014
BRFSS
62.3 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have visited a dentist in the past year
62.3%
71.6%
2013
BRFSS
20.2 percent of Native Hawaiian adults consume fruits and vegetables a total of 5 or more times per day
20.2%
18.1%
2014
BRFSS
81.2 percent of Native Hawaiian adults participated in leisure time physical exercise during the past month
81.2%
80.4%
Mākua Mortality
2015
VS
36.9 percent of deaths of resident adults 20-29 years of age were Native Hawaiian
52 deaths
141 deaths
2015
VS
31.0 percent of deaths of resident adults 30-39 years of age were Native Hawaiian
54 deaths
174 deaths
2015
VS
27.9 percent of deaths of resident adults 40-49 years of age were Native Hawaiian
100 deaths
358 deaths
2015
VS
27.7 percent of deaths of resident adults 50-59 years of age were Native Hawaiian
271 deaths
977 deaths
Social Determinants of Health
2014
BRFSS
84.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have an ongoing source of primary health care
84.0%
84.7%
2014
BRFSS
92.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adults ages 18-64 have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOs, or government plans
92.0%
90.2%
2014
BRFSS
19.9 percent of Native Hawaiian adults have one (or more) person(s) they think of as their personal doctor or health care provider
19.9 %
21.2 %
2014
BRFSS
10.9 percent of Native Hawaiian adults needed to see a doctor but could not because of the cost within the past 12 months
10.9%
8.7%
2016
ACS
11.0 percent of Native Hawaiians ages 18-64 years live in poverty
11.0%
9.1%
2016
ACS
Native Hawaiians unemployment rate in the civilian labor force (6.4 percent)
6.4%
4.4%
2016
ACS
Native Hawaiian female unemployment rate in the civilian labor force (5.1 percent)
5.1%
4.4%
2016
ACS
92.6 percent of Native Hawaiians aged 25 years and over are a high school graduate or higher
92.6%
92.0%
2016
ACS
16.8 percent of Native Hawaiians aged 25 years and over have a bachelor’s degree or higher
16.8%
31.9%
2016
ACS
18.4 percent of Native Hawaiian households are headed by a female householder, no husband present
18.4%
11.7%
2014
BRFSS
10.9 percent of Native Hawaiians served on active duty in the US Armed Forces
10.9%
15.5%
2014
CIH
31.1 percent of adults arrested for Index Offenses were Native Hawaiian
31.1%
(Native Hawaiian)
68.9%
(Non Hawaiian)
2014
CIH
26.9 percent of adults arrested for Part II Offenses were Native Hawaiian
26.9%
(Native Hawaiian)
73.1%
(Non Hawaiian)



Healthy Aging (Kūpuna)

Data Year
Health Measure
Native Hawaiian
State of Hawai‘i
Trend
Table
Trend
Graph
Reported Kūpuna Health Conditions
2011
BRFSS
4.0 percent of Native Hawaiian adult men aged 40 and older have ever had prostate cancer
4.0%
3.5%
2016
ACS
39.8 percent of Native Hawaiian civilian noninstitutionalized population 65 years and over with a reported disability
39.8%
34.3%
Modifiable Kūpuna Risk Behaviors
2014
BRFSS
85.5 percent of Native Hawaiian adult women aged 40 and older have ever had a clinical breast exam
85.5%
84.5%
2014
BRFSS
92.5 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 40 and older have had a mammogram
92.5%
93.5%
2014
BRFSS
85.1 percent of Native Hawaiian women aged 50 and older have had a mammogram within the past two years
85.1%
81.2%
2014
BRFSS
27.3 percent of Native Hawaiian men aged 40 and older have ever had a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
27.3%
46.0%
2014
BRFSS
60.4 percent of Native Hawaiian adults aged 50-75 have had a colorectal screening
60.4%
66.5%
2014
BRFSS
60.5 percent of Native Hawaiian adults aged 65 and older have had a flu shot or spray in the past 12 months
60.5%
65.5%
2014
BRFSS
55.3 percent of Native Hawaiian adults aged 65 and older have ever had a pneumonia shot
55.3%
64.6%
2014
BRFSS
30.6 percent of Native Hawaiian men aged 65 and older reported flu shot in past year, pneumonia vaccination ever and either a colonoscopy/ sigmoidoscopy in 10 years or fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in past year
30.6%
37.8%
2014
BRFSS
27.6 percent of Native Hawaiian adult women 65 and over reporting flu shot in past year, pneumonia vaccination ever and either a colonoscopy/ sigmoidoscopy in 10 years or fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in past year plus a mammogram in past 2 years
27.6%
38.3%
Kūpuna Mortality
2015
VS
13.1 percent of deaths of resident adults 65 years and over were Native Hawaiian
1,077 deaths
8,205 deaths
Social Determinants of Health
2016
ACS
9.0 percent of Native Hawaiians 65 years and over live in poverty
9.0%
8.9%
2016
ACS
32.6 percent of Native Hawaiians have Social Security income
32.6%
35.8%
2016
ACS
20.6 percent of Native Hawaiians have retirement income
20.6%
23.6%
2016
ACS
8.2 percent of Native Hawaiians living with grandchild(ren)
8.2%
6.2%
2016
ACS
36.6 percent of Native Hawaiians living with grandchild(ren) are responsible for grandchild(ren)
36.6%
24.0%